INSTITUTO DE PESQUISAS ENERGÉTICAS E NUCLEARES
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Navegação Periódicos - Artigos por Agências de fomento "Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)"

Navegação Periódicos - Artigos por Agências de fomento "Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)"

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  • IPEN-DOC 26393

    FERREIRA, EDUARDO G.A. ; MARUMO, JULIO T. ; FRANCO, MARGARETH K.K.D. ; YOKAICHIYA, FABIANO; VICENTE, ROBERTO . 10000 years cement: Can hydrated cement last as much as long-lived radionuclides?. Cement and Concrete Composites, v. 103, p. 339-352, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2019.05.016

    Abstract: This review is focused on the long-term performance of cementitious materials in a repository for radioactive waste. During the last few years, the disposal of disused sealed radioactive sources (DSRS) in a borehole type repository has been studied by many countries. The borehole concept is particularly useful to dispose of spent nuclear fuel and DSRS. In boreholes for DSRS, cementitious materials are intended to be used as structural material, immobilization matrix and as backfill. The understanding of the performance of these materials is essential to ensure the safety of the facilities during their required lifetime, from centuries to many thousands of years, depending on the initial activity and half-life of the waste. This review approaches the behavior of the cement from the hydration and hardening to the long-term processes that can affect its durability. Three main causes of failure of repository-engineered barriers are recognized: a) the formation of a preferential pathway for the migration of the contained radionuclides to the biosphere; b) loss of resistance and cohesion of the structural cementitious material; and c) the increase in the corrosion processes of the metallic components of the structures that affect the overall containment of the facility.

    Palavras-Chave: cements; cement industry; portland cement; radioactive wastes; geologic formations; underground disposal; performance; chemical composition; mineralogy; radiations; magnetic fields; hydration

  • IPEN-DOC 23152

    BERECZKI, ALLAN ; WETTER, NIKLAUS U. . 100W continuous linearly polarized, high beam quality output from standard side-pumped Nd:YAG laser modules. Optics and Laser Technology, v. 96, p. 271-275, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.optlastec.2017.05.020

    Abstract: Dynamically stable operation with joined stability zones of a linearly polarized resonator is shown for a laser containing two diode side-pumped Nd:YAG rods. The unpolarized resonator generated 115W of output. When polarized by a Brewster plate, it reached 100.5W of output power at a beam quality M2 < 2. Best measured beam quality was of 1.1 and 1.3 in the x and y directions respectively, with 76W of 95% polarized output. The output power achieved is, to our knowledge, the highest reported for continuous polarized, fundamental-mode lasers using standard side-pumped Nd:YAG modules.

    Palavras-Chave: neodymium lasers; lasers; resonators; solid state lasers; temperature dependence; diode-pumped solid state lasers; beams; quality factor

  • IPEN-DOC 26398

    PAPAI, RODRIGO; FREITAS, MILLENA A.S. de; FONSECA, KARINA T. da; ALMEIDA, GILMAR A. de ; SILVEIRA, JOÃO R.F. da; SILVA, ANDRE L.N. da; FERREIRA NETO, JOÃO B.; SANTOS, CELIA A.L. dos; LANDGRAF, FERNANDO J.G.; LUZ, MACIEL S.. Additivity of optical emissions applied to neodymium and praseodymium quantification in metallic didymium and (Nd,Pr)-Fe-B alloy samples by low-resolution atomic emission spectrometry: an evaluation of the mathematical approach used to solve spectral interferences. Analytica Chimica Acta, v. 1085, p. 21-28, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2019.07.049

    Abstract: In this work, the effectiveness of a mathematical approach to solve the spectral interferences involved in the optical emission of two chemical species (neodymium and praseodymium) when using monochromators with low-resolution in atomic spectrometry is evaluated. Although recent technological advances have promoted spectrometers equipped with high-resolution monochromators, which have a great instrumental capability in the separation of nearby lines and consequently avoid spectral interferences, many laboratories still have old spectrometers installed with insufficient resolution to overcome such interferences. In order to evaluate a mathematical approach based on Lambert-Beer's Law, the optical emissions of neodymium and praseodymium were monitored on a low-resolution (200 pm) flame atomic emission spectrometry (F-AES). These two elements were strategically chosen as an application model because they exhibit similar physicochemical properties, joint occurrence in nature and because they are increasingly used in the manufacture of super-magnets, a material increasingly required by the high technology industry. The effectiveness of the mathematical approach was evaluated in three different ways: (i) by recovery of the analytes in synthetic mixtures containing known quantities of the species; (ii) by spike and recovery trials on a representative blend of dissolved samples and (iii) by comparing the results obtained with another analytical method: Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) with a higher spectral resolution. The results indicate the effectiveness of this simple mathematical approach, allow the “survival” of instruments equipped with low-resolution monochromators and demonstrate the applicability of this approach to spectral correction. In addition, this work contributes an analytical method for the quantification of neodymium and praseodymium in metallic alloy samples involved in the production of super-magnets, aiding in the strict quality control of these materials.

    Palavras-Chave: additives; emission; absorption spectroscopy; neodymium; praseodymium; spectra; interference; atoms

  • IPEN-DOC 27164

    BENALCAZAR JALKH, E.B.; BERGAMO, E.T.P.; MONTEIRO, K.N.; CESAR, P.F.; GENOVA, L.A. ; LOPES, A.C.O.; LISBOA FILHO, P.N.; COELHO, P.G.; SANTOS, C.F.; BORTOLIN, F.; PIZA, M.M.T.; BONFANTE, E.A.. Aging resistance of an experimental zirconia-toughened alumina composite for large span dental prostheses: optical and mechanical characterization. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, v. 104, p. 1-9, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2020.103659

    Abstract: Purpose: To synthesize a zirconia-toughened alumina (ZTA) composite with 85% alumina matrix reinforced by 15% zirconia and to characterize its optical and mechanical properties before and after artificial aging, to be compared with a conventional dental zirconia (3Y-TZP). Material and methods: After syntheses, ZTA and 3Y-TZP powders were uniaxially and isostatically pressed. Greenbody samples were sintered and polished to obtain 80 disc-shaped specimens per group (12 x 1 mm, ISO 6872:2015). The crystalline content and microstructure were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Optical properties were determined by the calculation of contrast ratio (CR) and translucency parameter (TP) using reflectance data. Mechanical properties were assessed by Vickers hardness, fracture toughness and biaxial flexural strength test (BFS). All analyses were conducted before and after artificial aging (20h, 134 °C, 0.22 MPa). Optical parameters and microhardness differences were evaluated through repeated-measures analysis of variance (p < 0.05). BFS data were analyzed using Weibull statistics (95% CI). Results: The synthesis of the experimental ZTA composite was successful, with 98% of theoretical density, as shown in the SEM images. XRD patterns revealed typical zirconia and alumina crystalline phases. ZTA optical properties parameters showed no effect of aging, with a high CR and low TP values denoting a high maskingability. 3Y-TZP presented lower masking-ability and aging significantly affected its optical properties. ZTA Vickers hardness, fracture toughness and Weibull parameters, including characteristic stress and Weibull modulus were not influenced by aging, while 3Y-TZP presented a significant decrease in characteristic stress and increase in fracture toughness after aging. The ZTA probability of survival for missions of 300 and 500 MPa was estimated at ~99% validating its use for 3-unit posterior fixed dental prostheses (FDP), and no different from conventional 3Y-TZP. At high-stress mission (800 MPa) a significant decrease in probability of survival was observed for aged 3Y-TZP (84%) and for immediate and aged ZTA (73 and 82% respectively). Conclusion: The ZTA composite presented a dense microstructure, with preservation of the crystalline content, optical and mechanical properties after artificial aging, which encourages future research to validate its potential use for large span FDP.

    Palavras-Chave: aluminium oxides; zirconium oxides; aging; ceramics; microstructure; optical properties; optical microscopes

  • IPEN-DOC 27560

    JALKH, ERNESTO B.B.; MONTEIRO, KELLI N.; CESAR, PAULO F.; GENOVA, LUIS A. ; BERGAMO, EDMARA T.P.; LOPES, ADOLFO C. de O.; LIMA, ERICK; LISBOA-FILHO, PAULO N.; CAMPOS, TIAGO M.B.; WITEK, LUKASZ; COELHO, PAULO G.; BORGES, ANA F.S.; BONFANTE, ESTEVAM A.. Aging resistant ZTA composite for dental applications: microstructural, optical and mechanical characterization. Dental Materials, v. 36, n. 9, p. 1190-1200, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.dental.2020.05.011

    Abstract: Objective. To synthesize a zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA) composite with 70% aluminareinforced by 30% zirconia for dental applications and to characterize its microstructureand optical properties for comparison with the isolated counterpart materials and a first-generation 3Y-TZP.Methods. Disc-shaped specimens were divided in four groups (n = 70/material): (1) 3YSB-E(first generation 3Y-TZP), (2) Zpex (second generation 3Y-TZP), (3) alumina, and (4) ZTA-Zpex70/30. After synthesis, ceramic powders were pressed, and green-body samples sinteredfollowing a predetermined protocol. Specimens were polished to obtain a mirror surfacefinish. Apparent density was measured by Archimedes principle. X-ray diffraction (XRD)and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were used to characterize the crystalline contentand microstructure. Reflectance tests were performed to determine the contrast-ratio (CR)and translucency-parameter (TP). Mechanical properties were assessed by biaxial flexuralstrength (BFS) test. All analyses were conducted before and after artificial aging (20 h, 134◦C, 2.2 bar). Optical parameters were evaluated through repeated-measures analysis of variance and Tukey tests (p < 0.05). BFS data were analyzed using Weibull statistics (95% CI). Results. High density values (95–99%) were found for all ceramic materials and SEM images exhibited a dense microstructure. While XRD patterns revealed the preservation of crys- talline content in the ZTA composite, an increase in the monoclinic peak was observed for pure zirconias after aging. Significantly higher CR and lower TP values were observed for the ZTA composite, followed by alumina, 3YSB-E, and Zpex. The highest characteristic stress was recorded for 3YSB-E, followed by intermediate values between ZTA and Zpex, and the lowest for alumina. Aging affected the optical and mechanical properties of both zirconias, while remained stable for ZTA composite and alumina. Significance. The synthesis of experimental 70−30% ZTA composite was successful and its relevance for dental applications relies on its higher masking ability, aging resistance, and strength similar to zirconia.

    Palavras-Chave: composite materials; zirconium oxides; aluminium oxides; mechanical properties; optical properties; microstructure; dentistry; prostheses

  • IPEN-DOC 27828

    PARRA, DUCLERC F. ; MARCHINI, LEONARDO G. ; KOMATSU, LUIZ G.H. ; OLIVEIRA, CAMILA B. de ; OLIANI, WASHINGTON L. ; RANGARI, VIJAYA K.. AgNPs@ZnO hybride nanoparticles infused thermoplastic polyester elastomer and their biocide effect. SN Applied Sciences, v. 3, n. 4, 2021. DOI: 10.1007/s42452-021-04365-2

    Abstract: This paper presents research results of biocidal effect of thermoplastic- polyester-elastomer (TPE-E) with incorporation of hybrid Ag/ZnO/SiO2 NPs (silver/Zinc oxide/SiO2 nanoparticles). These results were compared with various gamma-irradiated doses and processing techniques including extrusion, injection molding and compression molding. In all these processing techniques the TPE-E was mixed with mineral oil and Ag/ZnO/SiO2 nanoparticles. The TPE-E nanocomposites were characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetry analysis (TGA), Infrared FT spectroscopy (FTIR), surface enhanced Raman technique (SERS), FESEM (Field emission scanning electron microscopy), Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), TEM (transmission electronic microscopy) and antimicrobial test. Antibacterial activity against E. coli and S. aureus, are reported and these results showed potential application in health care products.

    Palavras-Chave: gamma radiation; irradiation; antibiotics; nanoparticles; silver; processing; thermoplastics

  • IPEN-DOC 27841

    BERGAMO, EDMARA T.P.; CARDOSO, KARINA B.; LINO, LUCAS F.O.; CAMPOS, TIAGO M.B.; MONTEIRO, KELLI N.; CESAR, PAULO F.; GENOVA, LUIS A. ; THIM, GILMAR P.; COELHO, PAULO G.; BONFANTE, ESTEVAM A.. Alumina-toughened zirconia for dental applications: physicochemical, mechanical, optical, and residual stress characterization after artificial aging. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials, v. 109, n. 8, p. 1135-1144, 2021. DOI: 10.1002/jbm.b.34776

    Abstract: To characterize the physicomechanical properties of an alumina-toughened zirconia (ATZ). ATZ synthesis consisted of the addition of alumina particles in an yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (3Y-TZP) matrix. Specimens were obtained by uniaxial and isostatic pressing ATZ and 3Y-TZP powders and sintering at 1600°C/1 h and 1550°C/1 h, respectively. Crystalline content and residual stress were evaluated using X-ray diffraction (XRD). Microstructure was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Optical properties were determined by reflectance test. Mechanical properties were assessed by biaxial flexural strength test. All analyses were performed before and after aging (134°C, 20 h, 2 bar). XRD and SEM revealed a typical ATZ and 3Y-TZP crystalline content, chiefly tetragonal phase, with a dense polycrystalline matrix, though a smaller grain size for ATZ. Aging triggered a similar monoclinic transformation for both systems; however, ATZ exhibited higher residual compressive stresses than 3Y-TZP. While as-processed 3Y-TZP demonstrated significantly higher characteristic strength relative to ATZ, no significant difference was observed after aging (~215 MPa increase in the ATZ strength). ATZ presented significantly higher opacity relative to 3Y-TZP, although aging significantly increased the translucency of both systems (increase difference significantly higher in the 3Y-TZP compared to ATZ). ATZ physicomechanical properties support its applicability in the dental field, with a lower detrimental effect of aging relative to 3Y-TZP.

    Palavras-Chave: zirconium; dentistry; ceramics; composite materials; optical properties; aging

  • IPEN-DOC 26399

    ROVANI, SUZIMARA ; SANTOS, JONNATAN J.; CORIO, PAOLA; FUNGARO, DENISE A. . An alternative and simple method for the preparation of bare silica nanoparticles using sugarcane waste ash, an abundant and despised residue in the Brazilian industry. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, v. 30, n. 7, p. 1524-1533, 2019. DOI: 10.21577/0103-5053.20190049

    Abstract: Sugarcane waste ash, a Si-rich waste product, is generated in large quantities and creates a serious disposal problem in the Brazilian ethanol-sugar industry, affecting the environment and public health. Here, a simple method capable of generating bare silica nanoparticles utilizing this residue is demonstrated. Firstly, the crystalline silica present in sugarcane waste ash (SWA) was converted into amorphous by melting a mixture of sodium hydroxide and SWA at 550 °C for 1 h. The silica nanoparticles (SiO2NPs) were formed by lowing pH. This production process of SiO2NPs from SWA was optimized varying the ash:NaOH mass ratio, increasing the silica extraction up to 96%. The sample’s composition was characterized by total X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, morphology and physical-chemical properties were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction, specific surface area measurements, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analyses (TGA), followed by use as adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue dye. With this process of extraction, nanoparticles smaller than 100 nm were generated, with a surface area of 63 m2 g-1 and a maximum adsorption capacity of 37 mg g-1 for methylene blue. The results indicate a successful process for obtaining an adsorbent from an industrial waste product using a cost effective and rapid synthesis procedure rendering renewable product.

    Palavras-Chave: sugar cane; wastes; adsorbents; silica; nanoparticles; ethanol fuels; ashes; sodium hydroxides; agriculture; agricultural wastes

  • IPEN-DOC 26862

    GARCIA, PAULO R.A.F.; PRYMAK, OLEG; GRASMIK, VIKTORIA; PAPPERT, KEVIN; WLYSSES, WAGNER; OTUBO, LARISSA ; EPPLE, MATTHIAS; OLIVEIRA, CRISTIANO L.P.. An in situ SAXS investigation of the formation of silver nanoparticles and bimetallic silver–gold nanoparticles in controlled wet-chemical reduction synthesis. Nanoscale Advances, v. 2, n. 1, p. 225-238, 2020. DOI: 10.1039/c9na00569b

    Abstract: We present a study on the formation of silver (Ag) and bimetallic silver–gold (AgAu) nanoparticlesmonitored by in situ SAXS as well as by ex situ TEM, XRD and UV-vis analysis in a flow reactor at controlled reaction temperature. The formation mechanism of the nanoparticles is derived from the structural parameters obtained from the experimental data. The evolution of the average particle size of pure and alloyed nanoparticles shows that the particle growth occurs initially by a coalescence mechanism. The later growth of pure silver nanoparticles is well described by Ostwald ripening and for the alloyed nanoparticles by a process with a significantly slower growth rate. Additionally, the SAXS data of pure silver nanoparticles revealed two major populations of nanoparticles, the first one with a continuous crystal growth to a saturation plateau, and the second one probably with a continuous emergence of small new crystals. The particle sizes obtained by SAXS agree well with the results from transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The present study demonstrates the capability of an in situ investigation of synthesis processes using a laboratory based SAXS instrument. Online monitoring of the synthesis permitted a detailed investigation of the structural evolution of the system.

    Palavras-Chave: nanoparticles; small angle scattering; x-ray diffraction; silver; bimetals; gold; monte carlo method; nanostructures; alloys

  • IPEN-DOC 25206

    FREITAS, LUCAS F. de ; VARCA, GUSTAVO H.C. ; BATISTA, JORGE G. dos S. ; LUGAO, ADEMAR B. . An overview of the synthesis of gold nanoparticles using radiation technologies. Nanomaterials, v. 8, n. 11, 2018. DOI: 10.3390/nano8110939

    Abstract: At a nano-level, optical properties of gold are unique and gave birth to an emerging platform of nanogold-based systems for diverse applications, because gold nanoparticle properties are tunable as a function of size and shape. Within the available techniques for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles, the radiolytic synthesis allows proper control of the nucleation process without the need for reducing agents, in a single step, combined or not with simultaneous sterilization. This review details and summarizes the use of radiation technologies for the synthesis and preparation of gold nanoparticles concerning fundamental aspects, mechanism, current pathways for synthesis and radiation sources, as well as briefly outlines final applications and some toxicity aspects related to nanogold-based systems.

    Palavras-Chave: gold; nanoparticles; gamma radiation; electron beams; x-ray sources; radiolysis; nanotechnology; medicine; diagnostic uses; ionizing radiations

  • IPEN-DOC 27901

    ABREU, R.T. ; ANGELOCCI, L.V. ; NOGUEIRA, B.R. ; SANTOS, H.N. ; ZEITUNI, C.A. ; ROSTELATO, M.E.C.M. . Anisotropy function of a new 192-Ir brachytherapy source. Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences, v. 9, n. 1A, p. 1-15, 2021. DOI: 10.15392/bjrs.v9i1A.1506

    Abstract: Brachytherapy is a type of radiotherapy that uses radioactive sources (seeds, wires, among others) close to the tumor. Is important to provide a detailed description of seed dosimetry, so only the tumor will be irradiated avoiding unnecessary dose on adjacent organs and structures. To evaluate the dosimetric parameter of the anisotropy function for a new brachytherapy source, this work proposes the use of microcube TLD-100 dosimeters to find the dose rate using the AAPM Task Group 43 protocol (TG-43). The anisotropy function represents dose distribution around the source and has a major role for characterization of a new iridium source being implemented in Brazil. The value of D(r,θ) was measured using Solid Water phantoms, r value being the distance from the geometric center of the source to the position of the dosimeter on the phantom, and θ being the angle formed between the longitudinal axis of the source and the line connecting the geometric center to the TLD. Monte Carlo calculations were performed to evaluate the anisotropy function to validate the experimental measurements. For each distance value (r), an anisotropy function was plotted (1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, and 10.0 cm). The results obtained with Monte Carlo calculations agreed ±2% with the experimental values for r greater than 3.0 cm, so these results show a good distribution of dose around the seed considering the high energy of 192-Ir (average of 380 KeV) and encapsulation thickness.

    Palavras-Chave: anisotropy; brachytherapy; dose rates; dosimetry; iridium 192; monte carlo method; phantoms; radiation dose distributions; radiation source implants; sealed sources; thermoluminescent dosemeters

  • IPEN-DOC 25738

    ROVANI, S. ; MEDEIROS, L.F.; LIMA, E.C.; FERNANDES, A.N.. Application of biochar from agro‑industrial waste in solid‑phase extraction for the determination of 17β‑estradiol from aqueous solution. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, v. 16, n. 12, p. 7623-7630, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s13762-019-02295-6

    Observação: Correction anexado. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, v. 16, p. 7631, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s13762-019-02433-0

    Abstract: In this study, the biochar produced from coffee wastes and eucalyptus sawdust was employed as an adsorbent in solid-phase extraction devices for the determination of 17β-estradiol from aqueous solution. Parameters such as adsorbent mass, solvent type, eluent volume, ionic strength, breakthrough volume, and the cartridge reuse were evaluated. The best experimental conditions for solid-phase extraction concerning adsorbent mass, elution solvent, eluent volume, ionic strength, breakthrough volume, and cartridge reuse were established. The most suitable conditions for 1.0-mL cartridge were: mass of 50 mg, elution solvent 5.0 mL of acetonitrile/water 90:10 (v:v), 0.003 mol L−1 NaCl concentration, and 17β-estradiol solution volume 50.0 mL. The solid-phase extraction results showed that, although 17β-estradiol recovery was about 60%, the removal efficiency was 100% and the cartridges of 200 and 500 mg can be reused eight and four times, respectively, without any decrease in adsorption capacity. The results demonstrate the potential use of biochar as new adsorbent in solid-phase extraction devices for the removal of estrogens in aqueous solution.

    Palavras-Chave: charcoal; wood fuels; solid wastes; adsorbents; hormones; estradiol; agriculture; agricultural wastes

  • IPEN-DOC 23215

    VILLANI, DANIEL; MANCINI, ANSELMO; HADDAD, CECILIA M.K.; CAMPOS, LETICIA L. . Application of optically stimulated luminescence ‘nanoDot’ dosimeters for dose verification of VMAT treatment planning using an anthropomorphic stereotactic end-to-end verification phantom. Radiation Measurements, p. 1-5, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2017.03.027

    Abstract: This paper aims to evaluate the performance of the commercial OSL Landauer InLight System to be applied in dosimetric measurements in a Volumetric Modulated Arc (VMAT) brain tumor planning treatment using a Stereotactic End-To-End Verification Phantom Patient (STEEV™ – CIRS), comparing its results with CaSO4:Dy TLD pellets manufactured and marketed by the Laboratory of Dosimetric Materials/IPEN, PTW PinPoint™ ion chamber and Eclipse 10.0 planning system. The results of commercial InLight™ System using the nanoDot dosimeters showed good reproducibility and stability in both laboratory and clinical measurements. The experimental dose values obtained by all dosimetric techniques varied less than ±1.0% from prescribed by Eclipse 10.0. The intrinsic precision and uncertainty of the OSL reading device were found fair enough, providing good experimental results for VMAT dosimetry.

    Palavras-Chave: thermoluminescent dosemeters; photoluminescence; volumetric analysis; radiotherapy; dosimetry

  • IPEN-DOC 24306

    ANTONIO, PATRICIA L. ; CALDAS, LINDA V.E. . Applying the TSEE technique to Spectrolite and Opal pellets irradiated with high doses of gamma radiation. Radiation Measurements, v. 106, n. SI, p. 538-542, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2017.04.014

    Abstract: Spectrolite + Teflon and Opal + Teflon pellets were studied in this work in relation to their dosimetric properties, using the thermally stimulated exoelectron emission (TSEE) phenomenon. The purpose of this work was to study these materials to be used in high-dose dosimetry of Co-60 irradiators, which are employed for several industrial applications. The basic physical principle of this technique is the emission of low energy electrons from the surface of different crystalS. For this reason, it is very employed in work with specially radiation sources of low penetrating power, as alpha and beta radiation, but also with gamma sources. Both materials had already their dosimettic chatacteristics verified in previous works after exposure to high doses of a Co-60 source and measurements by means of thermoluminescence (TL) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) techniques. The TSEE response was investigated in terms of the following tests: TSEE emission curves, reproducibility, minimum detectable doses and dose-response curves.

    Palavras-Chave: cobalt 60; crystals; dosimetry; exoelectrons; gamma radiation; gamma sources; irradiation; opals; pellets; radiation doses; silicates; teflon; thermoluminescence

  • IPEN-DOC 28066

    DIAS-MORAES, MARCIA C. ; CASTRO, PEDRO A.A. ; PEREIRA, DAISA L. ; ANA, PATRICIA A.; FREITAS, ANDERSON Z. ; ZEZELL, DENISE M. . Assessment of the preventive effects of Nd:YAG laser associated with fluoride on enamel caries using optical coherence tomography and FTIR spectroscopy. PLoS One, v. 16, n. 7, p. 1-14, 2021. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0254217

    Abstract: Objective This in vitro study characterized and monitored, by Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and Fourier Transformed Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), the effects of the association of acidulated phosphate fluoride gel (APF-gel) and Nd:YAG (neodymiun:yttrium-aluminum-garnet) laser, as sequencial treatments, in the prevention of incipient enamel caries lesions. Methods 120 human enamel samples were randomized into 3 groups (n = 40): APF-gel (1.23% F-, 4 min.); Laser+APF (Nd:YAG laser irradiation—0.6W, 84.9J/cm2, 10Hz, followed by APF-gel); and APF+Laser (APF-gel followed by laser irradiation). The samples were subjected to a 15-day pH-cycling, evaluated by OCT (quantification of optical attenuation coefficient–OAC) and FTIR (analysis of carbonate and phosphate content) before treatments, after treatments, and on the 5th, 10th and 15th days of pH-cycling. The statistical analysis was performed (α = 5%). Results The Optical Attenuation Coefficient (OAC) assessed by OCT increases with the progression of demineralization, and the Laser+APF presented the highest values of OAC in 10th and 15th days of pH-cycling. Nd:YAG decreased the carbonate content after treatment regardless of the application order of the APF-gel, while APF-gel did not interfere in the composition of enamel. The carbonate content was also changed in the first 5 days of the pH-cycling in all groups. Conclusion Nd:YAG laser irradiation before or after the application of APF-gel did not influence the appearance of incipient caries lesions, showing no synergistic effect. Regardless of the application order of the APF-gel, laser irradiation reduces the carbonate content of the enamel, which also changes during the demineralization process. However, irradiation before the application of APF-gel increased the speed of progression of the lesions, which positively impacts public health as it can prevent caries disease, even in high risk individuals. OCT and FTIR are suitable for assessing this effect.

  • IPEN-DOC 27792

    MAXIMIANO, VINICIUS; MACHADO, ALANA C.; LOPES, RAQUEL M.; RABELO, FERNANDA E.M.; GAROFALO, STEPHANIE A.; ZEZELL, DENISE M. ; ARANHA, ANA C.C.; SCARAMUCCI, TAIS. Association of Nd:YAG laser and calcium-phosphate desensitizing pastes on dentin permeability and tubule occlusion. Journal of Applied Oral Science, v. 29, p. 1-11, 2021. DOI: 10.1590/1678-7757-2020-0736

    Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of Nd:YAG laser associated with calcium-phosphate desensitizing pastes on dentin permeability and tubule occlusion after erosive/abrasive challenges. Methodology: Dentin specimens were exposed to 17% ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) solution for 5 min and randomly allocated into five groups: G1, control (no treatment); G2, Nd:YAG laser (1 W, 10 Hz, 100 mJ, 85 J/cm2); G3, Laser + TeethmateTM Desensitizer; G4, Laser + Desensibilize Nano P; and G5, Laser+Nupro®. Specimens underwent a 5-day erosion-abrasion cycling. Hydraulic conductance was measured post-EDTA, post-treatment, and post-cycling. Post-treatment and post-cycling permeability (%Lp) was calculated based on post-EDTA measurements, considered 100%. Open dentin tubules (ODT) were calculated at the abovementioned experimental moments using scanning electron microscopy and ImageJ software (n=10). Data were analyzed using two-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey’s test (α=0.05). Results: G1 presented the highest %Lp post-treatment of all groups (p<0.05), without significantly differences among them. At post-cycling, %Lp significantly decreased in G1, showed no significant differences from post-treatment in G3 and G4, and increased in G2 and G5, without significant differences from G1 (p>0.05). We found no significant differences in ODT among groups (p>0.05) post-EDTA. At post-treatment, treated groups did not differ from each other, but presented lower ODT than G1 (p<0.001). As for post-cycling, we verified no differences among groups (p>0.05), although ODT was significantly lower for all groups when compared to post-EDTA values (p<0.001). Conclusion: All treatments effectively reduced dentin permeability and promoted tubule occlusion after application. Combining Nd:YAG laser with calcium-phosphate pastes did not improve the laser effect. After erosive-abrasive challenges, treatments presented no differences when compared to the control.

    Palavras-Chave: dentistry; neodymium lasers; calcium phosphates; sensitivity analysis; permeability

  • IPEN-DOC 27171

    FONTES, E.H. ; NANDENHA, J. ; SOUZA, R.F.B. de ; ANTONIO, F.C.T.; HOMEM-DE-MELLO, P.; NETO, A.O. . Au core stabilizes CO adsorption onto Pd leading to CO2 production. Materials Today Advances, v. 6, p. 1-9, 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.mtadv.2020.100070

    Abstract: Au core and Pd shell supported on carbon structure Au@Pd/C can cleave the CeC bond of ethanol molecules leading to the production of a relatively high amount of CO2 when compared with Pd/C electrocatalyst as the attenuated total reflectance - Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) experiment shows. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations showed that this could be explained by the oxidation of CO species adsorbed into Pd sites that has a modified electronic structure compared with Pd/C. In terms of DFT analysis, the highest thermodynamical stability of CO in Pd shell with Au core atoms, when compared with Pd/C is because of the increase of virtual orbital states near Fermi level that can be occupied by valence electrons of CO molecule. The d-band center shift is experimentally verified using the valence band X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and theoretically predicted by the Generalized Koopmans’ Theorem. Besides that, Au@Pd/C electrocatalyst has a better electrochemical activity when compared with Pd/C.

    Palavras-Chave: ethanol; oxidation; calculation methods; density; nanoparticles; adsorption; carbon dioxide; density functional method

  • IPEN-DOC 23195

    SANTOS, W.S. ; NEVES, L.P.; PERINI, A.P.; BELINATO, W.; MAIA, A.F.; CALDAS, L.V.E. . Avaliação das exposições dos envolvidos em procedimentos intervencionistas usando método Monte Carlo. Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences, v. 5, n. 1, p. 01-06, 2017.

    Abstract: Neste estudo apresenta-se um modelo computacional de exposição de um paciente, médico cardiologista e de uma enfermeira em um cenário típico de procedimentos intervencionistas cardíacos. Neste caso, foi calculado um conjunto de coeficientes de conversão (CC) para dose efetiva (E) em termos do produto kerma-área (PKA) para os indivíduos envolvidos, utilizando sete espectros energéticos diferentes e oito projeções de feixe. Também foi calculado o CC para dose de entrada na pele (DEP) do paciente normalizado pelo PKA. Todos os indivíduos foram representados por simuladores antropomórficos computacionais incorporados em um código de transporte de radiação baseado em simulação de Monte Carlo.

    Palavras-Chave: air; conversion; dosimetry; kerma; monte carlo method; occupational exposure; patients; phantoms; radiation doses; radiation protection; radiology; radiological personnel

  • IPEN-DOC 23196

    SANTOS, S.C. ; RODRIGUES JUNIOR, O. ; CAMPOS, L.L. . Bio-prototyping of europium-yttria based rods for radiation dosimetry. Materials Chemistry and Physics, v. 199, p. 557-566, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2017.07.063

    Abstract: The application of solid state dosimeters in radiation protection has grown significantly as consequence of advances in the development of dosimetric materials using rare earths. The conception of new dosimetric materials concerns synthesis methods, which control the evolution of material structure, including further processing steps as, shaping, drying, and sintering. The present study reports a full bio-prototyping approach to produce europium doped yttria rods with potential application in radiation dosimetry. Ceramic particles synthesized by hydrothermal route were characterized by Photon Correlation Spectroscopy (PCS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The effect of europium on promoting electronic defects in yttria host was evaluated by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR). Low pressure hydrothermal synthesis led to formation of rounded particles with mean diameter of 410 nm. Aqueous suspensions with 20 vol% of particles prepared at pH 10, and 0.2 wt% binder exhibited apparent viscosity of 213 mPa s, being suitable for bio-prototyping of rods. Sintering of shaped samples at 1600 degrees C for 4 h provided formation of dense ceramic rods. Europium-yttria rods containing 5 at.% Eu exhibited the most intense EPR response.

    Palavras-Chave: biotechnology; europium; rare earths; dosimetry; yttrium; ceramics; processing

  • IPEN-DOC 25112

    MARIANO, DOUGLAS O.C.; MESSIAS, MARCELA Di G. ; PREZOTTO-NETO, JOSE P. ; SPENCER, PATRICK J. ; PIMENTA, DANIEL C.. Biochemical analyses of proteins from duttaphrynus melanostictus (Bufo melanostictus) skin secretion: soluble protein retrieval from a viscous matrix by ion-exchange batch sample preparation. Protein Journal, v. 37, n. 4, p. 380-389, 2018. DOI: 10.1007/s10930-018-9780-z

    Abstract: A crucial step in scientific analysis can be sample preparation, and its importance increases in the same rate as the sensitivity of the following employed/desired analytical technique does. The need to analyze complex, viscous matrices is not new, and diverse approaches have been employed, with different success rates depending on the intended molecules. Solid-phase extraction, for example, has been successfully used in sample preparation for organic molecules and peptides. However, due to the usual methodological conditions, biologically active proteins are not successfully retrieved by this technique, resulting in a low rate of protein identification reported for the viscous amphibian skin secretion. Here we describe an ion-exchange batch processing sample preparation technique that allows viscous or adhesive materials (as some amphibian skin secretions) to be further processed by classical liquid chromatography approaches. According to our protocol, samples were allowed to equilibrate with a specific resin that was washed with appropriated buffers in order to yield the soluble protein fraction. In order to show the efficiency of our methodology, we have compared our results to classically prepared skin secretion, i.e., by means of filtration and centrifugation. After batch sample preparation, we were able to obtain reproductive resolved protein chromatographic profiles, as revealed by SDS-PAGE, and retrieve some biological activities, namely, hydrolases belonging to serine peptidase family. Not only that, but also the unbound fraction was rich in low molecular mass molecules, such as alkaloids and steroids, making this sample preparation technique also suitable for the enrichment of such molecules.

    Palavras-Chave: chromatography; ion exchange chromatography; animal tissues; secretion; skin; sample preparation; viscosity; amphibians; hydrolases

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O gerenciamento do Repositório está a cargo da Biblioteca do IPEN. Constam neste RI, até o presente momento 20.950 itens que tanto podem ser artigos de periódicos ou de eventos nacionais e internacionais, dissertações e teses, livros, capítulo de livros e relatórios técnicos. Para participar do RI-IPEN é necessário que pelo menos um dos autores tenha vínculo acadêmico ou funcional com o Instituto. Nesta primeira etapa de funcionamento do RI, a coleta das publicações é realizada periodicamente pela equipe da Biblioteca do IPEN, extraindo os dados das bases internacionais tais como a Web of Science, Scopus, INIS, SciElo além de verificar o Currículo Lattes. O RI-IPEN apresenta também um aspecto inovador no seu funcionamento. Por meio de metadados específicos ele está vinculado ao sistema de gerenciamento das atividades do Plano Diretor anual do IPEN (SIGEPI). Com o objetivo de fornecer dados numéricos para a elaboração dos indicadores da Produção Cientifica Institucional, disponibiliza uma tabela estatística registrando em tempo real a inserção de novos itens. Foi criado um metadado que contém um número único para cada integrante da comunidade científica do IPEN. Esse metadado se transformou em um filtro que ao ser acionado apresenta todos os trabalhos de um determinado autor independente das variáveis na forma de citação do seu nome.

A elaboração do projeto do RI do IPEN foi iniciado em novembro de 2013, colocado em operação interna em julho de 2014 e disponibilizado na Internet em junho de 2015. Utiliza o software livre Dspace, desenvolvido pelo Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Para descrição dos metadados adota o padrão Dublin Core. É compatível com o Protocolo de Arquivos Abertos (OAI) permitindo interoperabilidade com repositórios de âmbito nacional e internacional.

1. Portaria IPEN-CNEN/SP nº 387, que estabeleceu os princípios que nortearam a criação do RDI, clique aqui.


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O Repositório Digital do IPEN é um equipamento institucional de acesso aberto, criado com o objetivo de reunir, preservar, disponibilizar e conferir maior visibilidade à Produção Científica publicada pelo Instituto, desde sua criação em 1956.

Operando, inicialmente como uma base de dados referencial o Repositório foi disponibilizado na atual plataforma, em junho de 2015. No Repositório está disponível o acesso ao conteúdo digital de artigos de periódicos, eventos, nacionais e internacionais, livros, capítulos, dissertações, teses e relatórios técnicos.

A elaboração do projeto do RI do IPEN foi iniciado em novembro de 2013, colocado em operação interna em julho de 2014 e disponibilizado na Internet em junho de 2015. Utiliza o software livre Dspace, desenvolvido pelo Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Para descrição dos metadados adota o padrão Dublin Core. É compatível com o Protocolo de Arquivos Abertos (OAI) permitindo interoperabilidade com repositórios de âmbito nacional e internacional.

O gerenciamento do Repositório está a cargo da Biblioteca do IPEN. Constam neste RI, até o presente momento 20.950 itens que tanto podem ser artigos de periódicos ou de eventos nacionais e internacionais, dissertações e teses, livros, capítulo de livros e relatórios técnicos. Para participar do RI-IPEN é necessário que pelo menos um dos autores tenha vínculo acadêmico ou funcional com o Instituto. Nesta primeira etapa de funcionamento do RI, a coleta das publicações é realizada periodicamente pela equipe da Biblioteca do IPEN, extraindo os dados das bases internacionais tais como a Web of Science, Scopus, INIS, SciElo além de verificar o Currículo Lattes. O RI-IPEN apresenta também um aspecto inovador no seu funcionamento. Por meio de metadados específicos ele está vinculado ao sistema de gerenciamento das atividades do Plano Diretor anual do IPEN (SIGEPI). Com o objetivo de fornecer dados numéricos para a elaboração dos indicadores da Produção Cientifica Institucional, disponibiliza uma tabela estatística registrando em tempo real a inserção de novos itens. Foi criado um metadado que contém um número único para cada integrante da comunidade científica do IPEN. Esse metadado se transformou em um filtro que ao ser acionado apresenta todos os trabalhos de um determinado autor independente das variáveis na forma de citação do seu nome.